Whenever your home currency gains in value against other currencies it appreciates and thus exactly the same level of it can purchase a bigger level of a certain foreign currency. It’s good news for a traveller planning to visit a country whose currency is depreciating against his home currency or for a migrant worker who intends to send money to his relatives abroad. Broadly speaking, appreciation means that if a week ago your one British pound was in parity to the U.S. dollar (1 pound buys 1 dollar) and the pound appreciated by 30 per cent throughout the week, now you will be able to get 1.3 U.S. dollars for the one pound.
That is an over-simplification of the procedure of appreciation of the currencies, though. The home currency rates increase each time a currency appreciates but these foreign exchange rate fluctuations affect not just the worthiness of the house and destination currencies but the entire economy as well. Higher currency rates i.e. appreciation of the currency means that the country’s exports become more expensive and imports cheaper, boosts demand for imported goods but lowers domestic exports. laris kursi A process of currency appreciation could trigger a demands for lowering the costs of production and can result in freezing of wages in the country whose currency becomes too expensive. Sometimes entire industries can be forced to move their production facilities abroad to make the most of the low production costs and more advantageous currency rates of the local currency.
Many governments around the world are apprehensive of appreciations of their national currency and forcedly restrain the national currency from making substantial gains against the major world currencies. Between 1985 and 1992, the currency exchange rate of the Japanese yen against the U.S. dollar rose from 254 yen per dollar to about 110 yen per dollar and the government in Tokyo was forced to intervene available in the market to support the dollar to be able to protect the competitive prices of the Japanese export to the United States. Many governments follow the exemplory case of Japan to save lots of the competitiveness of their national economies and this is an excellent illustration of a widespread opinion that the high currency rates possess danger of economy downturn.
In the past decades, China has become a good illustration of a country, which will keep its currency undervalued supporting market currency rates which are less than the true value of its home currency to be able to deliver cheap exported goods to the exterior world. It’s not necessarily a poor thing or perhaps a bad policy although many developed countries including the U.S. and the European Union complain that China should untie the yuan and let it float free on the financial markets. The global political and economic chessboard is subject to rules other than the basic rules of industry economy, though. In this global game, the currency rates and the appreciation or depreciation of a currency can be a hostage of long-term interests, which can be in conflict with the true market value of a currency and the present currency rates.